Baxter Regional Medical Center Laboratory
Pathology Services in North Central Arkansas
This is not a complete list of services our clinical lab has to offer.
Call us at 870-508-1480 if you would like to inquire about a specific
Baxter Regional Medical Center offers laboratory services for a variety
of conditions and procedures. The laboratory services department is dedicated
to providing high-quality, comprehensive medical technology, appropriate
to the needs of our patients, physicians, and other primary-care providers.
Our services ensure the prevention/early diagnosis of pathologies and
the effective treatment of acute and long-term conditions. The effective
communication between the many departments at Baxter Regional Medical
Center allows for consistent, accurate and timely laboratory results,
all of which enhances patient care.
For more information about this service, please contact your physician
or call 870-508-1480.
Tests & Procedures
We offer a wide array of testing procedures at our laboratory, including:
Electrocardiography – this is a transthoracic (across the thorax or chest) interpretation
of the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time, as detected
by electrodes attached to the outer surface of the skin and recorded by
a device external to the body. The recording produced by this noninvasive
procedure is termed as electrocardiogram (also ECG or EKG). An electrocardiogram
(ECG) is a test that records the electrical activity of the heart. ECG
is used to measure the rate and regularity of heartbeats as well as the
size and position of the chambers, the presence of any damage to the heart,
and the effects of drugs or devices used to regulate the heart.
Pulse Oximetry – Pulse Oximetry is a non-invasive method allowing the monitoring
of the oxygenation of a patient's hemoglobin. A sensor is placed on
a thin part of the patient's body, usually a fingertip or earlobe,
or in the case of an infant, across a foot. Light of two different wavelengths
is passed through the patient to a photodetector. The changing absorbance
at each of the wavelengths is measured, allowing determination of the
absorbances due to the pulsing arterial blood alone, excluding venous
blood, skin, bone, muscle, fat, and (in most cases) fingernail polish.
With NIRS it is possible to measure both oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin
on a peripheral scale (possible on both brain and muscle).
Drug Screening – A drug test is a technical analysis of a biological specimen – for
example, urine, hair, blood, sweat, or oral fluid/saliva – to determine
the presence or absence of specified parent drugs or their metabolites.
Major uses of drug testing are to detect the presence of performance enhancing
steroids in sport or for drugs prohibited by laws, such as cannabis, cocaine,
Spirometry Testing – Pulmonary function testing is a valuable tool for evaluating the
respiratory system, representing an important adjunct to the patient history,
various lung imaging studies, and invasive testing such as bronchoscopy
and open-lung biopsy. Insight into underlying pathophysiology can often
be gained by comparing the measured values for pulmonary function tests
obtained on a patient at any particular point with normative values derived
from population studies. The percentage of predicted normal is used to
grade the severity of the abnormality. Practicing clinicians must become
familiar with pulmonary function testing because it is often used in clinical
medicine for evaluating respiratory symptoms such as dyspnea and cough,
for stratifying pre-operative risk, and for diagnosing common diseases
such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.